The Ranong Biosphere Reserve: History, Objectives and Management Experiences The Ranong Biosphere Reserve: History, Objectives and Management Experiences
Wijarn Meepol and Hans Thulstrup
The Man and the Biosphere programme and the associated World Network of Biosphere Reserves were initiated at a United Nations conference in 1968. Since then, the programme has evolved considerably but has retained its key focus on research, management and education relating to the interaction between humankind and nature. The Ranong Biosphere Reserve was nominated in 1997, and was one of the first biosphere reserve nominations following the adoption of the Seville Strategy and Statutory Framework, which outline in detail the role and spatial organization of modern biosphere reserves. The Ranong Biosphere Reserve is home to one of the regions most extensive mangrove forests, as well as a number of other important coastal ecosystem types. The reserve is managed by the Ranong Mangrove Forest Research Center, which is active in conservation, research, rehabilitation and education activities. In order for ensure the successful implementation and further development of the Ranong Biosphere Reserve, a number of recommendations for management action at the local and national level are made.